Television Detector Vans. How did they operate?

Viewing licences have always been required in the UK to fund their government owned broadcaster, the BBC. Detection vehicles were thus designed and built to locate operating television sets in the 405 line era.
Not surprisingly, the technology was developed further when the 625 line UHF service commenced.
An operating television set, at an address that was not listed as licenced, would therefore draw attention.
Contrary to some internet opinion, the detector vans were not fake, but were designed using well known radio engineering principles.
The first type of detection relied on harmonic radiation from the set's line deflection coils.

Once the ITA started broadcasting, this created difficulties with the previous system. As described in the following article from January 1963, the next system detected local oscillator radiation. It could also locate superhet VHF FM receivers.

Into the 625 line UHF era.
From an article in October 1969 of the same journal, we see that UHF television receivers are also detectable. Again, local oscillator radiation is used to locate the receiver.

The astute reader will realise that electrostatically deflected televisions could not be detected by the first method, and indeed this is mentioned. In the case of the second and third methods, TRF sets cannot be detected. However, by the early 60's, single channel TRF sets not being used with a Band 3 converter (for ITA), would be in the minority.
So, if you don't want to pay a licence fee, the answer is to use an electrostatically deflected television with a TRF front end.